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Ukraine after the Euromaidan

Challenges and Hopes


Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi

Ukraine’s protest movement of 2013–14, known as the Euromaidan, and its culmination, the people’s uprising in late 2013–early 2014 became one of the most dramatic world events in recent years. The accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation and military conflict in the Donbas demonstrate that the dramatic dynamics of the country’s ongoing transformation are still far from predictable. This book examines the manifold aspects of Ukraine’s current crisis and its political upheaval. The contributors to the book, Ukrainian experts in a variety of disciplinary fields, explore social, political and cultural reasons and factors behind the country’s transformation in its national and regional dimensions, the impact of Ukraine’s revolution on European and global politics, and also the new challenges of tough reforms with which the country is faced. The contributors share the view that the Euromaidan brought new opportunities for Ukraine’s modern development and the greatest historical chance for the country’s European future since independence in 1991.
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Public Opinion in the Donbas and Halychyna on the Ukraine’s Upheavals of Winter 2013–Summer 2014


In this paper we are examine regional differences in Ukraine, namely in two regional “poles” of the country: the Donbas and the Halychyna. This case study is mostly the result of the survey conducted in spring-summer 2014 in those regions. The conceptual framework of our analysis will comprise an approach to Ukraine as a regional system and also an understanding of mass consciousness (and public opinion reflecting it) as a functioning spiritual formation and shared values interwoven in the collective activity of the population.

Since the mid-1990s, whenever Ukrainian society has faced tough political decisions, the potential solutions have not been acceptable for all of the country’s regions. Ultimately, these solutions were restricted to the two poles regionally located in the Donbas (comprising Eastern Ukraine’s two regions, known as “oblast’,” Donetska and Luhanska) and the Halychyna (comprising Western Ukraine’s three oblast’ – L’vivska, Ternopilska and Ivano-Frankivska). This also happened in the course of the deepest social and political crisis in the history of independent Ukraine, which escalated into open civil confrontation when on November 21, 2013 the Azarov government announced it was postponing signing the EU Association Agreement. First, confrontation unfolded in the form of the Euro-Maidan and further moved to the phase of open struggle to overthrow the government. This dynamic was described by Haran and Burkovskiy thus: “… From euro-protests to national struggle against the regime.”1 In the east of the country, the local Maidan movement was not prolific. Its most active participants went directly...

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