Wished-for and Unwished-for Identities
Identities and Literature in Catalonia: 1858-1868
Universitat Rovira i Virgili
The aim of this article is to use a sample of literary pieces from the period 1858-1868 to explore identities, most of which had been gradually defined during the first half of the 19th century, which became fully apparent as from the September Revolution of 1868, and which still largely explain the features, the contradictions and the conflicts of present-day Catalonia. Pere Anguera wrote that it was between the late 1850s and the turn of the century – unes dècades plenes d’esdeveniments transcendentals en tots i cada un dels àmbits d’actuació humana (“decades full of momentous events in each and very field of human endavour”) – when s’establiren els fonaments definitius del món actual, quan prengueren cos les teories socials i econòmiques, polítiques en definitiva, que han configurat, tot modelant-los, els comportaments personals i col·lectius, quan s’esbossaren els perfils variants de les classes socials en què el capitalisme estructurà la societat (“the foundations of the definitive modern world were established, where the social and economic theories took shape, in short, polices that have configured, by modeling them, personal and collective behaviors, when outlining varied profiles of the social classes into which capitalism structures society”)2. It was also at this time that contemporary literature started to be written in Catalan – one of the important aspects of the identity of the country – and it is on this literature that we shall focus, although not exclusively...
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