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A Lexical Description of English for Architecture

A Corpus-based Approach

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Begoña Soneira

This book offers a thorough lexical description of an English for Specific Purposes (ESP) variety, English for Architecture, by means of a selfmade corpus. As other knowledge communities, Architecture practitioners have a distinctive discourse and a linguistic identity of their own. Both are conveyed through specific linguistic realizations, and are of considerable interest in the field of ESP. The corpus used was designed for the purpose of describing and analyzing the main lexical features of Architecture Discourse from three different perspectives: word-formation, loanword neology and semantic neology, which are the three main foundations of lexis. In order to analyze all materials a database of almost three thousand entries was produced, including a description and classification of every word from the corpus considered relevant for the analysis. Thanks to this methodology the lexical character of Architecture language is ultimately revealed in connection with the linguistic identity of its practitioners.
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3. The study

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3.  The study

3.1 Introduction

The current study aims at describing the language of Architecture and I have chosen to do so by means of its lexis since, according to Alcaraz Varó (2007: 7), it is generally agreed that the lexis is the element which best represents the essence of academic and professional languages and thus, this should be expected to be so regarding architecture language.

We have to bear in mind that in specialized languages the means to coin new words as such are the same as those used in general English; however, the differences are expected to be reflected, as pointed out by Gotti (2003: 278), on the frequency of their recurrence rather than on their real nature.

3.2 General objectives

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