Lexis in Dictionaries and the Media
The volume contains contributions in English, French, Italian and Spanish.
The Report of the Death of the General Dictionary is not an Exaggeration
In 1897, the news spread that the writer and humourist Mark Twain, author of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, was seriously ill, and a journalist was sent to inquire.1 The journalist discovered that it was a false alarm: in fact, it was Twain’s cousin who was ill. No obituary of Twain’s death was ever published, contrary to popular belief, but Twain told the story in the New York Journal of 2 June 1897, in words that have become famous though they are often misquoted. What he wrote was: “The report of my death was an exaggeration”.2
In 2013, there have been reports that the general dictionary was ill, and if we start inquiring we will discover that it is indeed dying. I will be arguing that the general dictionary was a product of a society that had certain features, that the general dictionary on paper was particularly well adapted to the roles that it played, and that the appearance of electronic dictionaries has changed it beyond recognition. I will start with an overview of the history of the general dictionary, to show that it is one of the late products of lexicography but that it was prepared by the other kinds of reference works that appeared before. I will continue with the argument that the general dictionary, when it becomes electronic like all other reference works, will find it difficult to play all the ← 37 | 38 → roles that general dictionaries on...
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