Women, work and the demographic transition in the Netherlands, 1880–1960
Dutch Population registers and civil registers
Continuous population registers have existed in the Netherlands since 1850 when, after a Royal Decree of 22 December 1849, all communities were obliged to trace and record all individuals who were legally residing within their boundaries. From 1861 onwards government stipulations changed so that communities were obliged to record their de facto population; i.e. those actually resident. Continuous population registers remained in use until 1920 in most cases, or, as in the case of the city of Enschede, until 1937. The census taken on 19 November 1849 served as the basis for the first population registers. The authorities in each community copied the individual census returns from the area under their jurisdiction into the population register, where all changes occurring in the resident population over the next decade were subsequently recorded. With each subsequent census the procedure was repeated so that each community has a series of population registers covering the ten year time-spans between succeeding censuses. Individuals can be located in the population registers via the alphabetical indices to each register which list each individual’s full name, year of birth and the number of the volume and pages where information concerning that individual may be found in that particular register. Vital events, i.e. births, deaths and marriages, were also, before being recorded in the population register, entered in the civil registers which are discussed further below.
The registers list each household on a separate double folio page, with the head of the household first, then...
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