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Culture and Cognition

A collection of critical essays

Shamsul Haque and Elizabeth Sheppard

The past few decades have seen a huge increase in global interest in psychology, with more psychologists, psychology programmes and students than ever before. Culture and Cognition: A collection of critical essays is made up of chapters written by experts in each topic, and is aimed at those wishing to learn more about psychology. While culture and cognition have frequently been regarded as separate areas of study in psychology, this book brings together essays on both of these topics as well as several that consider the direct interplay between culture and thinking.
Essays focus on a range of fascinating topics, such as how culture affects memory for events in our own lives or our perceptions of human attractiveness. Essays also address a diverse range of psychological phenomena like déjà-vu, savant abilities, non-suicidal self-injury, theory of mind, problem gambling and sleep disorders. Socio-cultural and professional issues specifically within the Asian context are also discussed.
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Sleep-related problems and their contributing factors


The importance of sleeping well often goes under-recognised in modern society and Malaysia is no exception. This essay aims to provide information on how to define this problem, how to measure whether or not someone is sleeping well and what the factors are that may contribute to a person sleeping badly. In addition, the need to investigate sleep-related issues in at-risk populations such as workplace employees, problem gamblers and children with autism is emphasised. It is hoped that with this understanding the general population will recognise how they may be able to assist in improving their own sleep. For policy makers, the chapter provides some suggested avenues of need for funding and target. Finally, for the research community it is anticipated that some of the gaps in the state of the current research are highlighted and able to be addressed.

The process of sleeping seems simple and should come naturally. Nevertheless, for many people and increasingly so in modern times, nights are fraught with difficulty and frustration. For these people, going to sleep seems like an impossible task and/or waking during the night a certainty. These difficulties often go unreported and the problems unrecognised in society. The prevalence of reported sleep-related problems in Malaysia is relatively high at 33.8% suggesting that there is a need to understand and address the issue in this country (Zailinawati, Ariff, Nurjahan, & Teng, 2008). It is likely that unreported sleep issues in this country are even higher. ← 179 | 180 →

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