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Perverse Identities

Identities in Conflict

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Edited By Flocel Sabate

The urgent need for the study of exclusive identities in conflict is ever more apparent in a globalizing world in which societies are becoming multicultural and complex and in which inter-cultural contact and the co-existence of languages and cultures comes increasingly to bear on the construction of plural identities. The present book considers perversion in the construction of identity and the perverse usage of identity in areas such as social cohesion – xenophobia, racism, ostracism, rejection, ageism, marginalisation – and the mismanagement of linguistic identity, language groups and associated discriminatory practise arising out of historical and culturally based discrimination. The texts were submitted in an international meeting held in the Institute for Identities and Societies of the University on Lleida (Catalonia, Spain) in November 2012.
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Differences between Male and Female Speech: a classical topic

Extract

María Teresa QUINTILLÀ

Universitat de Lleida

Introduction1

Nowadays one aspect analyzed by Sociolinguistics in its approach to the controversial issue of sex differences regarding language is the problem of linguistic varieties due to sexual difference. These sociolects according to gender are known as sexolects and we can distinguish between “feminolect” or female speech and “masculinolect” or male speech.

As Buxó Rey argued in 19832, the “sexosociolinguistic” rules have two main purposes. On the one hand, they identify women with their sexual and social role and, on the other hand, they mark the role and status of women in front of their interlocutors.

According to María Isabel Menéndez3, the gender rules determine the reproduction of the social order. It’s an ideological imposition that, through differential socialization of men and women from childhood, decisively affects our way of being in this world.

Patriarchal society and androcentrism, by the gender system, has resulted in a sexist social structure, namely women and men do not have the same status and social position. The gender is a basic principle of social order that is not neutral but is based on a hierarchy in which the male point of view always takes the top position.

← 19 | 20 → In the history of the study of linguistic differences according to gender, we can distinguish three periods or stages.

In a previous stage we find a wide tradition in Western...

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