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Perverse Identities

Identities in Conflict

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Edited By Flocel Sabate

The urgent need for the study of exclusive identities in conflict is ever more apparent in a globalizing world in which societies are becoming multicultural and complex and in which inter-cultural contact and the co-existence of languages and cultures comes increasingly to bear on the construction of plural identities. The present book considers perversion in the construction of identity and the perverse usage of identity in areas such as social cohesion – xenophobia, racism, ostracism, rejection, ageism, marginalisation – and the mismanagement of linguistic identity, language groups and associated discriminatory practise arising out of historical and culturally based discrimination. The texts were submitted in an international meeting held in the Institute for Identities and Societies of the University on Lleida (Catalonia, Spain) in November 2012.
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The Battle of Sanluri in the process of recreating Sardinian identity

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Esther MARTÍ

CNR, Istituto di Storia dell’Europa Mediterranea

Introduction

The Battle of Sanluri of 1409 represents one of the most critical moments of conflict that the Crown of Aragon maintained in Sardinia for the royal occupation and control of the island. For the Sardinian people, the battle represents, without a doubt, the hardest and most sorrowful expression of open conflict with the Crown of Aragon, which lasted almost from the Iberian troops arriving in Sardinia. First through clashes linked especially to the interests of Genoa and the Malaspina and Doria families, thereafter, from 1353 by means of an open war with the house of Arborea, from which the Sanluri chapter represents a definitive turning point in favour of the Catalan-Aragonese1. The harsh defeat of the Arborean troops – Catalan documentation speaks of five to seven thousand killed in battle, in addition to another thousand people who died in the defence of the town of ← 119 | 120 → Sanluri2 – and the almost immediate death of Martin the Younger, have made this macabre scenario a place of remembrance for the Sardinian people and an event which, remembered throughout the ages, has been transformed into a container of various elements that are essential for the formation of the Sardinian identity. In this spirit, much of contemporary historiography has described the consequences of this battle as crucial to the fate of Giudicato of Arborea and its ideale nazionalistico di una Sardegna tutta sarda3 (“nationalist ideal of a fully Sardinian Sardinia...

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