National Qualifications Frameworks and the Dual Model of Vocational Training in International Cooperation
Bringing together contributions from authors involved in both the theory and practice of vocational skills training development, this volume analyses the challenges that are tied to the transfer of these two dominant models in the context of international cooperation, sheds light on how they are being implemented, and discusses alternatives to the standard approaches to policy transfer.
Adapting the dual system of vocational education and training: Rudolf Batliner
Adapting the dual system of vocational education and training
The dual apprenticeship system is seen to contribute significantly to the successful economic development and strength of Switzerland and some other European countries. Countries with dual apprenticeship systems are praised for having lower youth unemployment rates (Hoeckel & Schwartz 2010, p. 14). Since the beginning of development cooperation, Vocational Education and Training (VET) has been a prominent intervention area. For many years, the export of the dual apprenticeship scheme was part of the German (and to a lesser degree, Swiss) cooperation programme. SDC’s evaluation of the VET sector concludes:
Undoubtedly, the dual model is considered to be an important feature of the Swiss VSD system, and the expectations of Swiss policy makers are high… However, evidence from the evaluation, as well as experience with the approach from other donors … suggests that it is difficult to sustainably involve representatives of the private sector […] in the delivery of training along the lines of the dual model (Maurer 2010).