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The Challenges of Policy Transfer in Vocational Skills Development

National Qualifications Frameworks and the Dual Model of Vocational Training in International Cooperation


Edited By Markus Maurer and Philipp Gonon

In the context of renewed global interest in the development of vocational skills, policy makers in many countries as well as representatives of technical organisations often hope to reform existing training systems by borrowing models and policies that seem to work elsewhere. One of these prominent models is that of ‘National Qualifications Framework’, the use of which now spans the entire globe. On a much smaller scale, the ‘Dual Model’ of vocational training – a systematic combination of school and workplace-based learning that is common in a number of countries in Western Europe – has also gained attention in international cooperation.
Bringing together contributions from authors involved in both the theory and practice of vocational skills training development, this volume analyses the challenges that are tied to the transfer of these two dominant models in the context of international cooperation, sheds light on how they are being implemented, and discusses alternatives to the standard approaches to policy transfer.
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Are the dual system and qualifications frameworks compatible with each other?: Christopher Winch



Are the dual system and qualifications frameworks compatible with each other?


It is sometimes thought that the introduction of qualifications frameworks, particularly those based on outcomes, are incompatible with well-established vocational education structures such as the Dual System of apprenticeships, which is found in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and (to a lesser extent) in a few other European countries. It will be argued that while the introduction of such frameworks may seem like cause for concern to proponents of the Dual System, it does not necessarily pose a threat, and can, in fact, prove to be of assistance in promoting understanding of the System approach.

Key characteristics of the Dual System and the Beruf concept

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