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Migrations et mobilités en Europe

Politiques publiques et perspectives d’intégration (1992-2012)

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Edited By Paul Lees, Stéphanie Couderc-Morandeau and Pilar Martinez-Vasseur

Cet ouvrage, issu d’un programme de recherche pluridisciplinaire, traite des phénomènes migratoires au sein de l’Europe depuis 1992, et des politiques publiques mises en œuvre par les différentes instances politiques aux niveaux européen, national et local. Les disparités qui existent d’un pays à l’autre dans les modes d’intégration des immigrants soulèvent des questions sur le sens de la citoyenneté et sur les conséquences de ces disparités sur le couple citoyenneté-identité. L’analyse de ces politiques migratoires nous mène à la question sous-jacente du rôle et de l’évolution de l’Union européenne : est-t-elle génératrice de solidarités et/ou de nouvelles formes d’appartenance ? Quelle citoyenneté européenne propose-t-elle ? Finalement, c’est peut-être, plus qu’ailleurs, au niveau régional et local que l’on peut observer une « appropriation de la dimension européenne », en dépit du silence des traités fondateurs à leur sujet et de la diversité des situations dans les différents pays. Les réponses à ce foisonnement de questions se fondent sur des études comparatives et internationales à tous les niveaux, du local au supranational, ce qui fait la richesse et l’originalité de l’ouvrage.
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Migration and Scotland: developing local responses within a UK policy framework: Mhoraig Green

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Mhoraig GREEN, Policy Manager, Convention of Scottish Local Authorities

Scotland sits within the United Kingdom within Europe, but since 1999 it has had a separate Parliament and Government with responsibility for a range of home affairs including housing, education and health. Scotland also has thirty-two Local Authorities and an umbrella organisation – the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA) – that represents their joint interests. While the immigration systems of European Union members are increasingly driven by the common policies, within the United Kingdom there is a tension between the directions of the national and sub-national Governments. While the UK Government seeks to control and limit migration to the UK (often failing to explain how it can reconcile this with the freedom of movement attached to EU membership), the Scottish Government seeks to encourage inward-migration in order to boost its economy and balance its demographics, in the context of Scotland’s ageing and until recently declining population. Local Authorities within Scotland similarly seek to attract and retain migrants. This has included marketing Scotland and particular local areas as attractive places to live and work and developing strategies to welcome and integrate migrants who do come to Scotland in an effort to encourage longer term settlement. The challenge for the Scottish Government and Scotland’s 32 Local Authorities is that responsibility for immigration is reserved to the UK Parliament, and they have few powers in this area. This agenda is made all the more contentious by the planned referendum on Scotland’s independence from...

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