From linguistic theory to lexicographic practice
Edited By Adriana Orlandi and Laura Giacomini
Monolingual collocation lexicography: State of art and new perspectives (Adriana Orlandi)
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Monolingual collocation lexicography: State of art and new perspectives
Abstract: In this paper we will outline a state of art of research in monolingual collocation lexicography. Our aim is to give the reader an overview of the main results attained by linguists and lexicographers in this domain, starting from the definition of collocation (Section 1), examining (semi)automatic extraction of collocation candidates useful to the lexicographic work (Section 2), and going through to the organization of a dictionary of collocations (Section 3), with its macro and microstructure (Sections 3.1 and 3.2). The last part of this paper (Section 4) will be devoted to the development of electronic dictionaries. Each topic will be dealt with by considering both lexicographic theory and practice, and relevant aspects for the development of future collocation lexicography will be particularly emphasized.
Keywords: collocations – lexicography – definition – linguistic theories
1. Defining collocations from a lexicographic perspective
According to Williams, “collocation is not a grammatical or lexical structure that accepts a precise definition, but a phenomenon of language that can only be defined within a school of thought and with a particular application in mind” (2013: 91). Three important issues come to the fore. First, the (im)possibility of specifying the concept of collocation, and most particularly the impossibility for a definition of collocation to be formulated out of a theoretical background. Second, the lexical and/or grammatical nature of the collocational phenomenon. Third,...
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