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Hybrid Identities

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Edited By Flocel Sabaté

This book dissiminates a selected collection of research texts from the Congress Hybrid Identities, held in 2011 in the Institute for Research into Identities and Society (University of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain). Outstanding researchers from Social and Humanities fields adapted the hybridization of society such as a new perspective in order to study and understand the evolution of conviviality from the Middle Ages to current days throughout a comparative space and time. Taking the concept from the anthropology, the hybridization became a new approach for social studies and Humanities. Hybridization offers a historical perspective in order to renew perspectives for study different societies during all historical periods since Middle Ages to current days. At the same time, hybridization appears as a tool for analysing social realities in the different continents of the word. In any case, it is a new way in order to understand how the societies reaches its respective cohesions throughout mixted identities.
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The Rule of Osha in Cuba. A Hybrid Identity?

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Ndèye Anna GAYE FALL

Université Cheikh Anta Diop

The terrible slave trade and its consequences of the enslavement of millions of black Africans in the South American and Caribbean colonies had, and still has, effects on the cultural profile of these areas of the world. The case studied here is that of the African presence in the Caribbean and, more precisely, in Cuba. There were two African presences that especially influenced Cuban cultural heritage. These were the Bantu, from Ghana or the Congo and the Yoruba, originally from present-day Nigeria. The forced movement to unknown and hostile lands from the 16th century on to, first defend the Cuban fortifications against English corsairs, then evolved into a process of slave labour to work on the plantations and the estates of the owners as servants.

The black bozales, the recent arrivals on the island, clung to, and passed on, their ancestors’ cultural tradition to keep their memory alive and to cover gaps in this provoked by the proximity of various black cultural groups on the island who had their own cultures. This struggle, was not with the Spanish owners, but between the slaves who attempted to preserve what was their own. A notable element in this fight to conserve or impose their heritage, depending on the balance of power, was the Rule of Osha or Santeria that finally was imposed by the presence of the Orishas. Simultaneously, ← 171 | 172 → corresponding to the same process of...

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