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Hybrid Identities

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Edited By Flocel Sabaté

This book dissiminates a selected collection of research texts from the Congress Hybrid Identities, held in 2011 in the Institute for Research into Identities and Society (University of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain). Outstanding researchers from Social and Humanities fields adapted the hybridization of society such as a new perspective in order to study and understand the evolution of conviviality from the Middle Ages to current days throughout a comparative space and time. Taking the concept from the anthropology, the hybridization became a new approach for social studies and Humanities. Hybridization offers a historical perspective in order to renew perspectives for study different societies during all historical periods since Middle Ages to current days. At the same time, hybridization appears as a tool for analysing social realities in the different continents of the word. In any case, it is a new way in order to understand how the societies reaches its respective cohesions throughout mixted identities.
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Hybrid Identities in Contexts of Minorisation of Citizens: Thinking about the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America

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Joan J. PUJADAS

Universitat Rovira i Virgili

The debate about the processes of cultural hybridisation is currently of great interest, both in the field of social anthropology, and in cultural and communication studies. There is no doubt that the leading figure in this field is the Argentine-Mexican anthropologist Néstor García Canclini, whose influential book, Culturas híbridas, was published at the end of the 1980s. Other authors have made significant contributions to drawing attention to different aspects related to the use of this new analytical perspective. These include parallelisms with the processes of creolisation in the field of trans-nationalist and post-national epistemology,2 or the ambiguity in the representation of the national and trans-national in the universal exposition in Seville,3 the alliance between national ethnic cultures and those of the metropolis,4 or the parallelisms and metaphoric dimensions of the term in its double biological and symbolic meaning.5

This emphasis on the analysis of the processes of hybridisation, and the contextual dynamics that generate these, has contributed to a loss ← 183 | 184 → of the essence of the approach of the social sciences to such an important analytical dimension as identity, emphasising its mobile, changing, contextual and multi-referential character. García Canclini6 himself proposed a much wider meaning for cultural hybridisation than the original version at the end of the 1980s, that would also include such historical-colonial processes as ethno-racial miscegenation and the forms of religious syncretism,

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