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Identities in and across Cultures


Paola Evangelisti Allori

This volume is a collection of empirical studies investigating the ways and means through which culturally-shaped identities are manifested in and through discourse in documents and texts from multiple spheres of social action. It also looks at possible ways in which understanding and acceptance of diverse cultural identities can be moulded and developed through appropriate education.
Language being one of the most evident and powerful ‘markers’ of cultural identity, discourse and text are sites where cultures are both constructed and displayed and where identities are negotiated. The approaches to the analysis of culture and identity adopted here to account for the multifaceted realisations of cultural identities in the texts and documents taken into consideration span from multimodality, to discourse and genre analysis, to corpus linguistics and text analysis. The volume then offers a varied picture of approaches to the scientific enquiry into the multifaceted manifestations of identity in and across national, professional, and disciplinary cultures.
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Identity Conflicts in Book Reviews: A Cross-cultural Analysis: Larissa D’Angelo



Identity Conflicts in Book Reviews: A Cross-cultural Analysis

1. Introduction

In order to keep up to date with new and relevant information in their field of enquiry, researchers and scientists face the daunting task of discriminating between what is worth reading and what is not, from the ever-increasing amount of published research. However, we often tend to forget that the concept of ‘critical appraisal’ of research reports is not new at all; in fact, attempts to respond to the needs of busy people for relevant research information already existed more than three centuries ago when the output of books and specialized journals, and thus new knowledge, increased dramatically.1

Book reviews (BRs) have contributed to the improvement of scientific research in general and have played an important role in the construction of scientific knowledge together with the research article itself, a scholarly genre which emerged in the 17th century and to which so much attention has been dedicated within the English for ← 127 | 128 → Specific Purposes (ESP) discipline in the past three decades. Besides this interest in the research article – the most open, public and visible genre within the “open genre network” of academic writing (Swales / Feak 2000: 8), attention has progressively been switching towards the study of the “supporting genre network”2 (Swales / Feak 2000: 8). These supporting genres, as their name indicates, support and assist an academic or her/his research career but rarely, if ever, appear on...

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