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Diachrony and Synchrony in English Corpus Linguistics

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Edited By Alejandro Alcaraz Sintes and Salvador Valera Hernández

The volume brings together a selection of invited articles and papers presented at the 4 th International CILC Conference held in Jaén, Spain, in March 2012. The chapters describe English using a range of corpora and other resources. There are two parts, one dealing with diachronic research and the other with synchronic research. Both parts investigate several aspects of the English language from various perspectives and illustrate the use of corpora in current research. The structure of the volume allows for the same linguistic aspect to be discussed both from the diachronic and the synchronic point of view. The chapters are also useful examples of corpus use as well as of use of other resources as corpus, specifically dictionaries. They investigate a broad array of issues, mainly using corpora of English as a native language, with a focus on corpus tools and corpus description.
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If you would like to lead: on the grammatical status of directive isolated if-clauses in spoken British English: Beatriz Mato-Míguez

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BEATRIZ MATO-MÍGUEZ

If you would like to lead: on the grammatical status of directive isolated if-clauses in spoken British English1

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse so-called isolated if-clauses (e.g., Okay if you'd like to get dressed now; If I’d somewhere to go, some friend’s room) in contemporary spoken British English on the basis of data extracted from the Diachronic Corpus of Present-day Spoken English (Aarts/Wallis 2006). Isolated if-clauses have the same form as ordinary conditional clauses, but lack a superordinate matrix (hence the label ‘isolated’) and have the illocutionary force of polite requests, directives and wishes. The focus here is on the directive type. Aspects considered include modality and grammatical status, that is, whether such clauses should be seen as incomplete utterances marked by ellipsis or as actually constituting a minor clause type. Also discussed is the relation of such clauses to the phenomenon of insubordination (Evans 2007). ← 259 | 260 →

1.Introduction

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