In the Southern Caucasus and the Black Sea Region
Spreading Democratic Governance? NGOs in the Eastern Partnership: The Case of Georgia
ABSTRACT: This chapter applies an external-governance approach to the prospects of the EU’s support for democracy in its Eastern neighbourhood and considers the Eastern Partnership as a way for the EU to expand its characteristic model of governance outside its own borders. One of the key elements in the EU’s claims to effective and democratic governance comes from the inclusion of non-state actors such as NGOs. This chapter focuses on the case of Georgia and analyses how and to what extent Georgian NGOs have been integrated in the EU’s external policies. It addresses the issue of whether NGO inclusion into the Eastern Partnership has ultimately led to increased democratic governance both at the level of relations with the EU and at the Georgian domestic level.
KEYWORDS: civil society, Europeanization, democratization, democracy promotion, Eastern Partnership, European Union, Georgia
Through the introduction of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the subsequent Eastern Partnership (EaP) the European Union has attempted to strengthen and rationalize its relations with its Eastern neighbours. Amongst a wide array of objectives in the fields of politics, economy and security these policies aim to strengthen democracy in the countries concerned. Compared with earlier rounds of enlargement, the EU has less clout to induce democratization in its neighbourhood. However, this does not inevitably lead to the conclusion that the EU has no other tools or facilities at its disposal to do so.
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