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Rethinking East-Central Europe: family systems and co-residence in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Volume 1: Contexts and analyses – Volume 2: Data quality assessments, documentation, and bibliography

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Mikołaj Szołtysek

This book reconstructs fundamental aspects of family organization across historical Poland-Lithuania, one of the largest political entities in early modern Europe. Using a plethora of quantitative measurements and demographic microsimulation, the author captures and elucidates the complex patterns of leaving home and life-cycle service, marriage and household formation, along with domestic group structures and living arrangements among different subpopulations of Poland-Lithuania, highlighting a variety of ways in which these patterns were nested in their respective local and regional contexts. By showing that at the end of the 18 th century at least three distinct family systems existed in the Polish-Lithuanian territories, Szołtysek challenges a number of orthodoxies in the ‘master narratives’ on the European geography of family forms of F. Le Play, J. Hajnal, P. Laslett, and their followers. Volume two of the book contains an extensive bibliography along with a thorough archival documentation of the census-like microdata used in the book, and provides detailed information on their quality and further technicalities pertaining to data analysis.
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List of Tables

← xviii | xix →

List of tables

Table 1:The population layout of the collected listings from a regional perspective
Table 2:Location of regional groupings on the east-west trajectory
Table 3:Regional distribution of listings by type
Table 4:Application of various locator variables to the encoding of the members of a domestic group
Table 5:Factors affecting familial behaviors, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 6:Demographic input parameters for microsimulation
Table 7:Mean number of kin for egos ever born from 0 through 95 years old (stable population); egos are men of the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 8:Proportions of living egos with kin from 0 through 95 years old (stable population); egos are men of the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 9:Mean age of kin from 0 through 95 years old; stable population; egos are men of the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 10:Demographic parameters of stable population generated by CAMSIM for regional patterns in Poland-Lithuania
Table 11:Indirect estimations of the age at home-leaving by method, gender, and region
Table 12:Timing of deciles, quartiles and median population transitions, and the estimates of spread and prevalence of leaving home; by gender and regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 13:Partial and semi-partial correlations between the percentage of leavers in the population aged 15 to 39 and each of the predictors, by gender; western parishes ← xix | xx →
Table 14:Partial and semi-partial correlations between the percentage of leavers in the population aged 15 to 39 and each of the predictors, by gender; eastern parishes
Table 15:Ages at leaving the parental home in historical western Poland-Lithuania, western Europe, and the North Atlantic area
Table 16:Servant population by clusters
Table 17:Households with lived-in servants by the number of servants employed, and by cluster membership
Table 18:Regional distribution of servants across Poland-Lithuania
Table 19:Comparative distribution of servants
Table 20:Age distribution of servants: the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania and rural Austria
Table 21:Servants by reported marital status, gender, and regions of the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 22:Ecological correlations matrix of servant variables and household- and population-level variables, the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 23:Descriptive statistics for major household-level predictor variables in the servant model, the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 24:Results of the hurdle regression models on the number of servants, general model (both sexes combined)
Table 25:Results of the hurdle regression models on the number of servants, male-only model
Table 26:Results of the hurdle regression models on the number of servants, female-only model
Table 27:Wald statistics for equality of coefficients
Table 28:Mean values per household of male work force and dependency ratios, the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 29:Marriage patterns in historical Poland-Lithuania; village case studies
Table 30:Age-specific proportions married and the standardized index of the level of nuptiality (Im) by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 31:Measures of the timing and quantity of nuptiality for men and women, by regions of Poland-Lithuania ← xx | xxi →
Table 32:Timing of deciles, quartiles and median population transitions into marriage, and the estimates of spread of marriage; by gender and regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 33:Currently married women aged less than 18 by clusters of Poland-Lithuania
Table 34:Trajectories in marriage age (SMAM) on historical Polish-Lithuanian territories, 18th c.–1931
Table 35:Zero-order correlations between sex-specific proportions married and the ratio of men to women eligible for marriage, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 36:Percent egos with father alive at decile and quartile timing of transitions into marriage, by clusters of Poland-Lithuania (men only)
Table 37:Mean ages at marriage (SMAM) for Russia’s central and western provinces in 1897
Table 38:Indirect estimations of the age at becoming household head, men by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 39:Timing of deciles, quartiles and median population transitions into headship and the estimates of spread of becoming head of a household; men by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 40:Time between marriage and headship attainment (males only), by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 41:Married non-heads (men) by household positions, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 42:Head’s married sons by age groups and the number of co-resident married siblings, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 43:Currently married men by age and the number of married brothers co-resident or alive, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 44:Currently married heads (men) by age groups and residential situation, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 45:Residential situation of married men by headship status and age, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 46:Parental co-residence of married men in two stylised variants of headship transmission, by regions of Poland-Lithuania ← xxi | xxii →
Table 47:Measures of the mean sizes of domestic groups and their components, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 48:Distribution of domestic groups and population living in them by houseful size, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 49:Distribution of housefuls by the number of CFUs, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 50:Households by structure, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 51:Household structure in Poland-Lithuania and its neighboring territories
Table 52:Housefuls by structure, and population and CFUs by houseful type membership, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 53:Distribution of multiple-family units by various structural types, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 54:Kinfolk within the co-residential group by region, Poland-Lithuania in comparative perspective
Table 55:Composition of the kin group within the household (number of relatives per 100 households, in relation to household head), Poland-Lithuania (by regions) and some neighboring territories
Table 56:Co-resident wider kin by age and sex, by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 57:Variation in household structure in Ukraine
Table 58:Kin relations among co-resident lodgers by sex, the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania
Table 59:Proportions of stem- and joint-family households according to Cambridge Group typology, Poland-Lithuania compared with other areas
Table 60:Percentage population 65+ residing in stem or joint families by regions of Poland-Lithuania
Table 61:Observed and expected living arrangements of elderly men (65+), and their residential propensities, by regions of Poland-Lithuania (in %)
Table 62:Observed and expected living arrangements of elderly men (65+), and their residential propensities, by two categories of male population (in %); the western cluster of Poland-Lithuania