Skilled migrants from Colombia, India and South Africa in Switzerland: empirical evidence and policy responses- Preface by Jean-Baptiste Meyer
Edited By Gabriela Tejada Guerrero and Jean-Claude Bolay
Chapter 1 North-South Scientific Cooperation: a Challenge for Sustainable Development by Jean-Claude BOLAY 3
Chapter 1 North-South Scientific Cooperation: A Challenge for Sustainable Development Jean-Claude BOLAY1 1. Introduction If this research on the role of scientific diasporas as catalysts for development of countries of origin is meaningful, it is because it looks into one of the main factors of development cooperation: human resources. To be more precise, it looks at the role played by scientific and professional elites in transforming society in so-called developing and emerging countries. We therefore start from the very general but nevertheless important pre- cept that science and technology – research, high-level training and techno- logical innovation – make a contribution to the sustainable development of the planet. In an increasingly globalised world, this contribution takes place not just at the local but also continental and international levels, whether it be within academic institutions or public or private companies. The pre-eminence of the scientist as a key factor of development is no longer disputed. However, we would like to remind the reader, in this brief introductory chapter, of a few characteristics of the predominant international situation so as to highlight a number of general considerations, as well as a few features specific to countries and regions in the developing world and the im- pact these have on their societies. Lastly, we will attempt to draw out the les- sons learned over the past few years to ensure that together scientific coopera- tion and development provide the means to achieve two major aims: excellent scientific and technological production and its appropriateness to the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.