A Public Management Analysis
Part 1: Setting the Field 7
Part 1: Setting the Field I. The Reform’s Initiation and First Analysis This first chapter is divided into two main sections. The first section deals with the arrival of the issue “doctoral education” on the European reform agenda at several levels, whereas the second section develops doctoral education’s analysis in scientific literature. I.1. The Arrival on the Reform Agenda Within a few years doctoral education in Europe developed from a non- issue to an object of policy making. “The doctoral level of training, learning and work has been a stepchild for many countries as well as for European policies until recently. In recent years, a sense of urgency emerged as far as expansion, institutionalization and financial support for doctoral study are concerned” (Teichler 2006: 36). Thus, it is not anymore considered an affair between the doctoral student and his professor or department. But it became a hot topic at the institutional, national and even supra-national level (Kehm 2006). I.1.1. European Movements At the European level, doctoral education is put on the agenda in the framework of two different but complementary policies. The European Union is the creator of the first policy, the “Lisbon Agenda”. This policy aims at achieving an extremely ambitious goal for Europe, namely “to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and a greater social cohesion” (European Council 2000: 5). Several strategies shall help to achieve this goal. One of them is the...
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