The European Union, Europe and the Challenges of the 21 st Century
This volume contributes to the debate about the changing face of Europe and the way it works, not just internally, but also with the rest of the world. It first explores the merits of fostering inclusive multicultural citizenship and religious pluralism in Europe, the necessity of reinventing the EU from below, and the urgency of addressing EU internal migration problems. It then examines the new role of the EU in world politics and how other countries view it in terms of hard and soft power. Can the EU inspire by its development aid, conflict prevention, social and audiovisual policies? How efficient is it in exporting security to the rest of the world? The final chapters deal with the EU in the Asia Pacific region.
PART II. THE EU BETWEEN SOFT AND HARD POWER
PART II THE EU BETWEEN SOFT AND HARD POWER CHAPTER 6 Nordic Europe's Policy Leadership' Andrew SCOTT Introduction The release of a pamphlet in 2005 extolling the merits of social democratic Sweden by the energetic Compass grouping in the British Labour Party' came at an important time, given that Prime Minister Tony Blair would soon step down and the precise policy stance of his successor, Gordon Brown, was yet to be determined. The Compass grouping has since issued quality publications calling for a new approach to political economy; and critically assessing the short- comings of the Blair government in reducing inequality.4 Various studies demonstrate the continuing extent of social policy provision and achievement in particular parts of continental Europe.' These suggest that there is much that Anglo-Saxon "liberal market" economies can learn and borrow from the success of the northern European "social market" economies, particularly in tackling inequality.6 The EU and many of its continental member countries, especially in Scandinavia or Nordic Europe, continue to pursue substantially different economic and social policies from the market liberalism which predominates in the English-speaking world. This chapter explores aspects of this policy distinctiveness, its context and its significance. Parts of this chapter have been previously published in my contribution to Langmore, J., To Firmer Ground: Restoring Hope in Australia, Sydney, UNSW Press, 2007, pp. 117-120. 2 Taylor, R., Sweden's New Social Democratic Model: Proof that a Better World is Possible, London, Compass, 2005. McIvor, M. and Shah, H. (eds.), A New Political Economy,...
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