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Networks of Empire

The US State Department’s Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950–70


Giles Scott-Smith

Exchange programmes have been a part of US foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives.
This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State’s most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential ‘opinion leaders’ to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country.
By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US ‘informal empire’ and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.


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APPENDIX II. FLP Grantees from France 1950-70 445


445 APPENDIX II FLP Grantees from France 1950-701 1950 Suzanne Lemaire, Director, École de Puériculture, Paris René Nicoly, President, Jeunesses Musicales de France Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, Director, l’Express 1951 Jacques Arresse, Journalist, Algiers Jean Baylot, Prefect of Police, Paris Suzanne Briet, Conservationist, Bibliothèque Nationale André Carton, Journalist, La Voix du Nord Jacques Chapsal, Director, Institut d’Études Politiques Michel Conte, Professor of Medicine, Paris Jean Debiesse, Directeur, Centre d’Études Nucléaires, Saclay Jean-Robert Debray, Director of Medicine, Paris Maurice Deparis, Professor of Medicine, Paris Charles Dillinger (unknown) Michel Droit, Editor-in-Chief, Figaro Littéraire Gaston Dupouy, Professor, Faculty of Science, Toulouse Philippe Erlanger, Director, Association Française d’Action Artis- tique, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Henri Evrard, Inspector General of English, Paris Michel-Henry Fabre, Rector, University of Tananarive, Madagascar 1 Some dates may be inaccurate due to the difference between fiscal and calendar years. Professions of pre-1963 grantees were correct as of anno 1963, while profes- sions of post-1963 grantees were correct at time of Leader grant. Sources: US Em- bassy reports, RG 59, National Archives; NATO reports, 1952-55, Bureau of Public Affairs, National Archives; GAI card file; Boxes 155, 158, 170, 317, Archive of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, University of Arkansas. Networks of Empire 446 Robert Guy, Francs and Franches Camarades Marguerite Haller, Président, Cour d’Assises de Douai Robert Holveck, Prefect Henri Kerst, Professor of English, Lycé Henri IV and Sorbonne Maurice Le Breton, Professor of Literature and American Civilisa- tion, Sorbonne Michelle Le Hartel,...

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