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Networks of Empire

The US State Department’s Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950–70

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Giles Scott-Smith

Exchange programmes have been a part of US foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives.
This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State’s most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential ‘opinion leaders’ to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country.
By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US ‘informal empire’ and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.

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Index 505

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505 Index A A Beacon of Hope, 42, 87, 409, 410, 413, 419 Aantjes, Willem, 324, 420 Abrams, Manuel, 270, 304 Acda, J.W., 252 Acheson, Dean, 105, 320, 420 Action Committee for a United Europe, 258 Adams, Walter, 42 Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs, 42, 87, 287 African-American Institute, 99 Agency for International Development, 67 Aggrey, Rudolph, 350 Albeda, Willem, 316 Algemeen Handelsblad, 195, 199, 229, 246, 248, 318 Algeria, 352 Allen, George V., 127 Allied Forces Central Command, 291 Alrutz, Louis, 100 Amalgamated Engineering Union, 385 American Committee for Cultural Freedom, 117 American Council of Learned Societies, 51, 248, 344, 392 American Council of Young Political Leaders, 360, 398 American Council on Education, 51, 62, 94, 95, 99, 231 American Federation of Labor, 116, 117, 131, 146, 149, 155, 156, 157, 183 American Friends of the Middle East, 86, 87, 262 American Political Science Association, 95 American Studies, 68, 189, 225, 242, 243, 255, 336, 337, 342, 343, 344, 356, 360, 363, 390, 391, 392, 419, 422 Americans for Democratic Action, 117, 118, 131, 373 Amerika, Pioniers en hun Kleinzoons, 229 Andriessen, Frans, 264 Aron, Raymond, 357 Arpan, Floyd, 80 Asselineau, Roger, 345 Assembly for Captive European Nations, 135, 136 Association Amicale Universitaire France-Amérique, 341, 345 Atlantic Association of Young Political Leaders, 92, 398 Atlantic Community, 31, 68, 214, 245, 255, 346 Atlantic Institute, 42, 92 B Balch, Earl, 230, 231, 421 Ball, George, 254, 280, 281 Barghoorn, Frederick, 38 Barnett, Robert W., 166, 184,...

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