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Intercultural Crossings

Conflict, Memory and Identity

Series:

Lénia Marques, Maria Sofia Pimentel Biscaia and Glória Bastos

Intercultural crossings, which are at the core of our contemporary society, are underpinned and shaped by three essential elements: time, space and people. Such encounters and interactions have the capacity not only to promote diversity and a healthy exchange of ideas, but also to act as a catalyst for conflict.
This volume examines the topics of conflict, memory and identity through a collection of insightful viewpoints and perspectives, reflecting a diversity of cultural and social backgrounds, which combine to give a contemporary interdisciplinary analysis of cultural interactions and their effects. The themes covered by the authors, such as memory and forgetfulness, migration, ecological concerns, mixed cultural landscapes, storytelling, postcolonial trauma and internal struggles for identity, offer the reader a fascinating glimpse into the ongoing and evolving social debate about identity and purpose.

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Women’s Journeys to Portugal: Identitary Reconstructionsand Memories of the Country of Origin 51 - Joana Miranda

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51 Women’s Journeys to Portugal Identitary Reconstructions and Memories of the Country of Origin Joana MIRANDA Universidade Aberta/CEMRI Introduction We live in a world marked by rapid change at every level and by the co-existence of globalization and homogenization with fragmentation, which creates ambivalence between belonging and uprooting. Georges Balandier uses the expression “overmodernity” to define this period of change and ambivalence as a period of “change and uncertainty” (1997). The sociologist Zygmunt Bauman (2007)1 talks about “liquid modernity” – light, liquid and dynamic, but inadequate for expressing the reality in which we live. For Bauman, what makes modernity liquid is compulsive and obsessive modernization, which is permanently accelerating and, like a liquid, no form of social life can hold back its influence for long (2007: 11). For the author, the third wave of modern migration, which is presently in full force and gathering momentum, leads to the “age of diasporas”: a “world-wide archipelago of ethnic/ religious/linguistic forgotten settlements – oblivious to the trails blazed and paved by the imperialist-colonial episode” (Bauman, 2007: 18). At the same time that globalization represents a certain form of inter- connection and interpenetration between regions and local communities marked by the hegemony of capital and of the market, it is also accom- panied by a search for singularity and space to create difference and localism (Bhabha, 1995). Is it possible to articulate identity and globali- zation? Does globalization make identity impossible, or could it be the cradle of the assertion of identity, the context in...

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