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Europe and the Middle East

The hour of the EU?

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Edited By Birte Wassenberg and Giovanni Faleg

At a time when momentous changes are taking place in the Middle East, this volume provides a timely and critical assessment of the European Union (EU) foreign policy towards the region. The book collects revised and updated versions of the papers presented at the third Academic Forum on European Security, which took place at the Institute for European Studies (IHEE) in Strasbourg on March 30-31, 2010. The subtitle «the hour of the EU» was chosen to emphasize the moment of opportunity for the EU to actively influence a peaceful resolution of the major crises affecting the Middle East. Accordingly, contributions to this volume show the potential and the limits of the EU’s normative and soft-power-based diplomatic toolbox in trasforming its neighbourhood, focusing on four macro-areas: the Arab-Israeli conflict, the rise of Iran as a regional (and perhaps nuclear) power, the EU’s engagement in democracy promotion and EU-Turkey relations. Overall, this book aims at providing the reader willing to learn more about EU foreign policy’s achievements and weaknesses with a close-up on those four critical areas.

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145 Glossary ADL Anti-Defamation League AfPak Afghanistan and Pakistan AKP Justice and Development Party (Turkey) ANA Afghan National Army ANAP Motherland Party (Turkey) ANP Afghan National Police ANSF Afghan National Security Forces AP Action Plan (European Commission) API Arab Peace Initiative ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations AU African Union CentCom US Central Command CIA Central Intelligence Agency CSOs Civil Society Organizations CSR American Congress Research Service CSTC-A Combined Security Transition Command Afghanistan (NATO) DoD Department of Defence (US) EA Electoral Assistance (EIDHR) EEC European Economic Community EIDHR European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights ENP European Neighbourhood Policy ENPI European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument EMP Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Barcelona Process) ENTSO-G European Groups of Transmission System Operators EOM Election Observation Missions (EIDHR) EPC European Political Cooperation EU European Union FDIs Foreign Direct Investments FTA Free Trade Area Europe and the Middle East: the hour of the EU? 146 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IGAT Iran Gas Trunkline ILSA Iran and Libya Sanctions Act IMF International Monetary Fund IPI Iran-Pakistan-India line IRI Islamic Republic of Iran IRR Iranian Rial (currency) ISAF International Security Assistance Force ITGI Interconnection Turkey-Greece-Italy JDP Justice and Development Party (Morocco) KRG Kurdish Regional Government LNG Liquefied Natural Gas ME Middle East MEDO Middle East Defence Organization MEPP Middle East Peace Process NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NDI National Democratic Institute (Morocco) NGOs Non-Governmental Organizations NIGC National Iranian Gas Company NIGEC National Iranian Gas Export Company NIOC National Iranian Oil Company NIP National Indicative Programme (European Commission) NT...

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