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Philosophical Essays

Critic Rationalism as Historical-objective Transcendentalism- Edited by Fabio Minazzi- Translation from Italian by Richard Sadleir

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Fabio Minazzi

These Philosophical Essays by Giulio Preti explore, with particular acuteness and originality, some of the major problems addressed by contemporary philosophy. Preti’s objective was to outline a «scientific» philosophy capable of embodying the rigour and concern for the factual found in scientific procedure.
His analysis engaged with the complex tradition of logical empiricism and he also devoted attention to pragmatism and the philosophy of praxis in early Marx. Preti succeeded in establishing a dialogue with these traditions of thought while also considering both Husserl’s early phenomenology and the methodical approach derived from Kantian and neo-Kantian transcendentalism.
He used this wide range of theoretical and practical horizons in innovative ways, presenting a critical metareflection receptive to these varying positions. In doing so Preti developed a new critical rationalism that incorporated a historical-objective transcendentalism.

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Preface .................................................................................................... 9 INTRODUCTION The Revaluation of the Transcendental by Giulio Preti and the Prospects of Logical Neorealism ........................................... 13 Giulio Preti, a Bio-bibliographic Profile, with a Note to the Text ........................................................................ 43 PHILOSOPHICAL ESSAYS I. Two Orientations in Epistemology .......................................... 53 II. Dewey and the Philosophy of Science ...................................... 73 III. Critique and Perfect Language................................................ 93 IV. The Philosophy of Mathematics of B. Russell ...................... 111 V. Some Scientific Concepts of Philosophy Today .................... 147 VI. The Three Phases of Logical Empiricism ............................. 165 VII. Grammar and Logic ............................................................... 181 VIII. The Problem of L-Truth in Carnapian Semantics ............... 197 IX. Historical Materialism and Theory of Evolution ................. 227 X. Ontology of the “Nature” Region in Newtonian Physics ..... 255 XI. The Language of Philosophy .................................................. 273 XII. My Empiricist Point of View .................................................. 289 XIII. Plurality of Sciences and the Eidetic Unity of the Scientific World ............................................................ 305 Index of Names .................................................................................. 319 Giulio Preti (1911-1972) in the 1960s in a classical portrait

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