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Philosophical Essays

Critic Rationalism as Historical-objective Transcendentalism- Edited by Fabio Minazzi- Translation from Italian by Richard Sadleir

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Fabio Minazzi

These Philosophical Essays by Giulio Preti explore, with particular acuteness and originality, some of the major problems addressed by contemporary philosophy. Preti’s objective was to outline a «scientific» philosophy capable of embodying the rigour and concern for the factual found in scientific procedure.
His analysis engaged with the complex tradition of logical empiricism and he also devoted attention to pragmatism and the philosophy of praxis in early Marx. Preti succeeded in establishing a dialogue with these traditions of thought while also considering both Husserl’s early phenomenology and the methodical approach derived from Kantian and neo-Kantian transcendentalism.
He used this wide range of theoretical and practical horizons in innovative ways, presenting a critical metareflection receptive to these varying positions. In doing so Preti developed a new critical rationalism that incorporated a historical-objective transcendentalism.

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INTRODUCTION

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13 The Revaluation of the Transcendental by Giulio Preti and the Prospects of Logical Neorealism Fabio MINAZZI 1. Empiricism as the Ideology of the Free Man Who Has No Ideology? A famous story by Andersen tells of an emperor who spent all his money on fine clothes. One day two fraudsters turned up. […] They told His Majesty they were able to weave and sew garments of a beautiful and precious mate- rial, but enchanted. It could never be seen by those unworthy to hold high office in the State and society. […] So all those other State officials, as well as the poor Emperor-gaga (who is, after all, the first officer of State) saw that fabric of nothingness and that wonderful dress made of vacuity. And when the Emperor paraded in the midst of his faithful people, strutting in his superb new clothes, there was no indecency: each devoted subject, well aware that the social order requires everyone should stay in their own place and be worthy to stay there, obedient to the authorities, saw and admired his clothes. Only a little boy dared (but perhaps it is not right to say “dared” and he was simply ignorant) to see with his own eyes, to see… that his Sacred Imperial Majesty was walking naked in the midst of his loyal subjects. And he said so. There is nothing worse than freedom of speech: it is a plague that spreads with frightening speed (which is why a good government concerned with the...

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