An Historical Perspective / Une perspective historique
Edited By Daniela Preda and Daniele Pasquinucci
The authors of this volume examine the main reasons – ideological, political, cultural and economic – that have been advanced to encourage citizens to support the European project. The contributors also consider the initiatives proposed by the political and institutional actors involved for promoting this supranational project.
L’analyse de la formation et du développement d’un consensus pour l’intégration européenne représente une piste interprétative intéressante pour étudier l’histoire de la construction de l’Europe unie.
Dans ce volume, les auteurs examinent les principales raisons avancées – idéales, politiques, culturelles, économiques – pour obtenir le soutien des citoyens au projet européen. En outre, ils analysent les initiatives élaborées par les acteurs politiques et institutionnels impliqués dans le processus d’unification dans le but de promouvoir le projet supranational.
The Origins of the Eurobarometer Surveys (1968-1974) (Simone Paoli)
27 The Origins of the Eurobarometer Surveys (1968-1974) Simone PAOLI Introduction The topic of this study is the birth of the Eurobarometer, the programme of cross-national and cross-temporal survey research that is conducted by the European Commission and designed to monitor the evolution of public opinion in the Member States of the European Union. In particular, our aim is to analyse the reasons why the institutions of the European Communities chose to poll the European public. We also aim to depict the stages between the late 1960s and early 1970s that led to the creation of the Eurobarometer as a permanent instrument of public opinion monitoring in the hands of the European Commission. The primary sources for this research are drawn from the Historical Archives of the European Union in Florence, the Historical Archives of the European Commission in Brussels and the Historical Archives of the European Parliament in Luxembourg. Moreover, use has been made of volumes and magazines housed in a number of libraries in Europe, notably the European University Institute Library in Florence, the European Commission Central Library in Brussels and the United Nations Library in Geneva. The Minor Role of Public Opinion in the Early European Integration Process Unlike the United States, whose Information Agency made a regular series of surveys on the feelings of support or opposition to European Consensus and European Integration 28 unification since the early 1950s,1 the European Communities began to regularly monitor public opinion only in the early 1970s.2 In the...
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