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Consensus and European Integration / Consensus et intégration européenne

An Historical Perspective / Une perspective historique

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Edited By Daniela Preda and Daniele Pasquinucci

Analysis of the formation and development of the consensus on European integration provides an interesting interpretative perspective for studying the history of the construction of a united Europe.
The authors of this volume examine the main reasons – ideological, political, cultural and economic – that have been advanced to encourage citizens to support the European project. The contributors also consider the initiatives proposed by the political and institutional actors involved for promoting this supranational project.
L’analyse de la formation et du développement d’un consensus pour l’intégration européenne représente une piste interprétative intéressante pour étudier l’histoire de la construction de l’Europe unie.
Dans ce volume, les auteurs examinent les principales raisons avancées – idéales, politiques, culturelles, économiques – pour obtenir le soutien des citoyens au projet européen. En outre, ils analysent les initiatives élaborées par les acteurs politiques et institutionnels impliqués dans le processus d’unification dans le but de promouvoir le projet supranational.

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The Socialist World Apart and Europe (Enrico Pugliese)

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97 The Socialist World Apart and Europe Enrico PUGLIESE The Socialist World Apart The “World Apart” (Il mondo a parte in Italian1) was an Italian democratic and socialist current of thought. It can be defined as a paradigm of cultural and political separation from the liberal State and maximalist and anarchic socialism. It stemmed from the quest for human freedom meant as the liberation from the domination of capital, as a feeling of universal fraternity and, at same time, as atavistic rootedness in one’s community. After the foundation of Italian Socialist Party (Genoa, 1892) it became an instrument of socialist ideology as part of the structure supporting one of the most powerful political religions of modernity. This kind of socialism actually went beyond a “scientific” contribution to the struggle for social emancipation. It implied feelings as pride and strong group membership.2 This dual attitude of Italian socialism allowed the party to reach out to local communities and develop a relationship of mutual influence with them. This is how the rites and myths, places of and scope for socialism were born in local communities. This caused a short circuit between the national and socialist identity and an overlapping between class- conscious socialist ethos and traditional belonging to the local community. This symbiotic combination of local and global socialism strengthened the socialist political action. The party was free to move in two directions – national and local – both converging towards the goal of reducing inequalities in view of the socialization of production means.3...

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