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Collective Traumas

Memories of War and Conflict in 20th-Century Europe

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Edited By Conny Mithander, John Sundholm and Maria Holmgren Troy

Collective Traumas is about the traumatic European history of the 20 th century – war, genocide, dictatorship, ethnic cleansing – and how individuals, communities and nations have dealt with their dark past through remembrance, historiography and legal settlements. Memories, and especially collective memories, serve as foundations for national identities and are politically charged. Regardless whether memory is used to support or to challenge established ideologies, it is inevitably subject to political tensions. Consequently, memory, history and amnesia tend to be used and abused for different political and ideological purposes. From the perspectives of historical, literary and visual studies the essays focus on how the experiences of war and profound conflict have been represented and remembered in different national cultures and communities.
This volume is a vital contribution to memory studies and trauma theory.
Collective Traumas is a result of the multidisciplinary research project on Memory Culture that was initiated in 2002 at Karlstad University, Sweden. A previous publication with Peter Lang is Memory Work: The Theory and Practice of Memory (2005).

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Contributors 267

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267 Contributors Kristian Gerner is Professor of History at Lund University, Swe- den. His research has focused on 20th-century Central and East European history and historical culture. Publications include The Soviet Union and Central Europe in the Postwar Era (1985); “The role of the Baltic States, Poland and Hungary in the new Europe,” in The changing faces of federalism: Institutional reconfiguration in Europe from East to West (2005); and “Building civil society and democracy East of the Elbe: problems and prospects,” in Building Democracy and Civil Society East of the Elbe: Essays in honour of Edmund Mokrzycki (2006). Billy Gray is Senior Lecturer in English at Luleå Technical Univer- sity, Sweden. His doctoral thesis is entitled “The influence of Islamic Mysticism on the Work of Doris Lessing.” Publications include Re- Mapping Exile: Realities and Metaphors in Irish Literature and History and articles in The New Hibernia Review and The Nordic Irish Studies Journal. He is currently involved in a research project entitled Literary Representations of Ageing which is based at The University of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain. Klas-Göran Karlsson is Professor of History at Lund University, Sweden, and in charge of the large research project The Holocaust and European Historical Culture. He has specialised in East European history and has written extensively on interethnic problems, terror and genocide, historiography and uses of history. His recent publications include Folkmordens historia. Perspektiv på det moderna samhällets skuggsida (‘The History of Genocide: Perspectives on the Dark Side of Modern Society’; 2005; with...

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