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The Geographies of Canada

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Edited By Rémy Tremblay and Hugues Chicoine

This book offers an extensive and detailed look at the geographies of Canada, one of the largest countries in the world. The contributors consider subjects such as energy, resources, the rise of communications and the knowledge infrastructure, and the ever-expanding socio-cultural context in the twenty-first century, due to increased immigration from non-Anglophone or non-Francophone countries and communities. The volume is set against the historical background of Canada where distances are significant both in physical and symbolic terms.
Each chapter of the book includes review questions that will help instructors to outline student work plans and spark interest in issues such as landscape, politics and change. The volume provides a thorough introduction to Canada while also touching upon contemporary geographical issues.

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CONCLUSION. Canada in the 21st Century (Robert BONE)

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479 CONCLUSION Canada in the 21st Century Robert BONE University of Saskatchewan Canada in the 21st century remains a country of regions. Yet, Canada and its regions have evolved over time – and they continue to evolve – creating their own sense of regional consciousness as well as reconfigur- ing their place within Canada and the global economy. In this process of nation-building, regions form a critical building block with compromis- es between Ottawa and its provinces a necessary element in keeping the federation united. Canada’s size, geography and political structure foster regionalism. While the nature of regional consciousness varies across the country, this sense remains strongest in Québec. Yet, as strong as regional com- mitments appear, just below the surface of Canadian psyches as ex- pressed in these regions lies a latent national pride that occasional emerges. One such appearance took place during the 2010 Winter Olympics. These games, held in Vancouver, ignited a sense of national pride rarely seen and, at least for that instance, Canada ceased to be a country of regions. Canada, as with any federal state, is not without internal tensions. Regional disagreements often spring from sensitive issues buried in Canada’s past or from geography that has favoured some regions over others, thus creating have and have-not provinces. Yet, even with these regional inequalities, political solutions are found. While not perfect, these solutions – in reality compromises – reveal the nature of Canadian identity. The federal Equalization Program – as an illustration of political negotiations and compromise – attempts to...

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