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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2012

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Edited By Centro interdipartimentale di ricera

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2012 confirms and consolidates the structure and aims already set forth in the 2011 edition. Year by year, this series examines the steps that Italy has made to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2012 issue surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and university. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe or the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis international obligations.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights that is set out in the volume focuses on immediate and long-term measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all.
The Yearbook is edited by the Interdepartmental Centre for Human Rights and the Rights of Peoples at the University of Padua, in cooperation with the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights, Democracy and Peace at the same University. The Centre, established in 1982 with the support of the Region of Veneto, carries out research and education following a global and interdisciplinary approach. It hosts the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on intercultural dialogue and human rights.

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PART II. THE HUMAN RIGHTS INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY

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PART II THE HUMAN RIGHTS INFRASTRUCTURE IN ITALY 89 National Bodies with Jurisdiction over Human Rights International human rights law requires States to set up structures adequately specialised in promoting and protecting fundamental rights. In this regard, a distinction shall be made between, on one hand, strictly governmental bodies and, on the other, independent structures directly emanating from civil society. The latter in particular, through channels different from those classically used by governmental powers, aim at participating in policy-making, promoting and developing a human rights culture as well as preventing violations. In this Part the composition, mandate and activities of the following institutions will be illustrated: – Parliamentary bodies: the Special Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the Italian Senate; the Permanent Committee on Human Rights instituted within the Foreign Affairs Commission (III) of the Italian Chamber of Deputies; the Parliamentary Commission for Children and Adolescents; the Parliament-Government Observatory Monitoring the Promotion and Protection of Fundamental Rights. – Governmental bodies established within: the Prime Minister's Office (Committee of Ministers for Orientation and Strategic Guidance for the Protection of Human Rights; Department for Equal Opportunities; Commission for International Adoptions; National Committee on Bioethics; Inter-Ministerial Committee for Human Rights; National Commission for UNESCO); the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies (National Observatory for Children and Adolescents; National Observatory Monitoring the Condition of Persons with Disabilities; Committee on Foreign Minors); as well as the departments and bureaus of the Ministry of Justice specifically involved in human rights matters. – Judicial authorities: the...

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