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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2012


Edited By Centro interdipartimentale di ricera

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2012 confirms and consolidates the structure and aims already set forth in the 2011 edition. Year by year, this series examines the steps that Italy has made to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2012 issue surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and university. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe or the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis international obligations.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights that is set out in the volume focuses on immediate and long-term measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all.
The Yearbook is edited by the Interdepartmental Centre for Human Rights and the Rights of Peoples at the University of Padua, in cooperation with the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights, Democracy and Peace at the same University. The Centre, established in 1982 with the support of the Region of Veneto, carries out research and education following a global and interdisciplinary approach. It hosts the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on intercultural dialogue and human rights.


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PART III ITALY IN DIALOGUE WITH INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS 155 The United Nations System I. General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is the main deliberative body of the UN. It is articulated in six main Committees, each made up of all UN Member States. Human rights issues are discussed mainly within the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee). This Committee has competence in dealing with issues such as torture and other degrading, inhuman or cruel punishment or treatment; ad- vancement of women; rights of refugees and displaced persons; promo- tion and safeguarding of children’s rights; rights of indigenous people; elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance; rights to self-determination; social development. In December 2011, the 66th session of the General Assembly adopted 66 resolutions on human rights, previously discussed and approved by the Third Committee during the months of October and November 2011. Particularly worth noting are those related to: – Adoption of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training (A/RES/66/137). The Declaration, drafted between 2008 and 2011 by the United Nations Human Rights Council and its Advisory Com- mittee, affirms the right of everyone to know, seek and receive information about all human rights and fundamental freedoms (art. 1), and invites Mem- ber States and relevant institutions to include human rights, humanitarian law, democracy and the rule of law in the curricula of all institutions of learning; – Adoption of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to...

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