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The Emergence of the Social Economy in Public Policy / L’émergence de l’Économie sociale dans les politiques publiques

An International Analysis / Une analyse internationale


Edited By CIRIEC

There is growing international recognition of the importance of the social economy, consisting of cooperatives, mutuals and non-profit organizations. The Social Economy provides resilience in financial crises, choice in a plural economy, greater social capital and the means for development of a more democratic and inclusive civil society. But questions remain: how best develop policies and institutions to exploit this potential? What policies have emerged? And why have they emerged in some countries and not in others? This book presents work undertaken by experts and policymakers from Europe, America and Asia under the auspices of CIRIEC’s International Scientific Commission on «Social and Cooperative Economy». After a general analysis of public policies concerning the social economy, its key features, objectives and pattern of evolution, the book provides a supranational and international approach from both a European perspective (examining the policies of European bodies) and a South American perspective. This is followed by a number of national and regional analyses. The book concludes by examining the evolution, divergence and convergence of the social economy and its integration in public policy.
Face à la crise, coopératives, mutuelles et associations tentent de créer du capital social et de construire une société plus démocratique et inclusive. L’Économie sociale serait-elle enfin entrée dans l’agenda politique des gouvernements ? Une vague de nouvelles lois et projets de lois d’économie sociale semblent le confirmer. Pourquoi ces politiques ont-elles émergé dans certains pays et non d’autres ? Quelles ont été leurs portée et limites ? Chercheurs et experts d’Europe, d’Amérique et d’Asie ont travaillé sous les auspices de la Commission scientifique internationale « Économie sociale et coopérative » du CIRIEC pour dresser un premier bilan international de ces questions. Cet ouvrage propose dans un premier temps une analyse générale des politiques publiques en faveur de l’Économie sociale, à la fois dans leur construction, leurs modalités, leurs objectifs et leurs évolutions. L’analyse se place ensuite dans une double perspective européenne (par l’examen des politiques des instances européennes) et latino-américaine. Enfin, des analyses nationales et régionales visent à mettre en exergue les spécificités historiques et institutionnelles.


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Presentation of the Authors/Présentation des auteurs


365 Basque Country. His research interests focus on cooperatives and social economy, public policies, employment, multinational corporations and globalisation. His recent research activities focus on Mondragon coop- eratives multinationalisation process. His work has been published in international academic journals. ( Enekoitz Etxezarreta Etxarri, born in Donostia-San Sebastián (Gipuzkoa) has a degree and PhD in Economics from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and bachelor of Social and Cultural Anthropology (UPV/EHU). He currently teaches in the Department of Applied Economics at the Business School of Vitoria-Gasteiz (UPV/EHU). Member of the Institute of Cooperative Law and Social Economy GEZKI (UPV/EHU), has published numerous articles and has served as referee in specialized journals on Social Economy. ( Hajime Imamura is a professor of Economics at Toyo University in Tokyo, Japan. And he is a vice-president of CIRIEC International and a member of CIRIEC’s International Scientific Commission “Social and Cooperative Economy”. And also he is a vice-president of CIRIEC- Japan. His recent works are specialized in the relationships between social enterprises and public policy, especially from the viewpoint of relational skills and social capital for horizontal solidarity of social enterprises. And, he works also on human capital accumulation and incentive mechanism among different types of organizations such as for- profit, non-profit and government sectors. His research works are aim- ing at combining the human capital analysis of labor economics with the microscopic analysis of social capital for the solidarity of the social and solidarity organizations and public authorities. (

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