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EU Enlargement

Current Challenges and Strategic Choices


Edited By Finn Laursen

Successive enlargements of the EU have constituted major events in the history of European integration. They affect the Union’s institutions, policies and policy-making processes and, because of the impact of these changes, enlargements have often been controversial. The major enlargement in 2004, which took the EU from 15 to 25 member countries, was followed by Romanian and Bulgarian membership in 2007 and Croatian membership in 2013.
It is often argued that there is now enlargement fatigue, and progress towards the next step seems slow. However, a number of countries, especially in the Western Balkans, are eager to join, and Turkey has been an official candidate since 1999. Major challenges lie ahead for the candidates as well as the EU. Will the candidates be able to carry out the required reforms to fulfil the membership conditions, and will the EU be able – politically and institutionally – to widen its membership further? These decisions are of strategic importance for the future of Europe.
This book analyses the issues involved, exploring the status of the ongoing enlargement process and the political games associated with it.


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This book is published under the auspices of the EU Centre of Ex- cellence (EUCE) at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Cana- da. The EUCE is currently financed by a second three-year grant by the European Commission, now administered by the Service for Foreign Policy Instruments. Without the support from the Commission, the production of this book would not have been possible. The current grant period expires on 4 December 2012. The editor, who has directed the EUCE at Dalhousie since the beginning in 2006, also wants to acknowledge the contributions of Danijela Juric, the Administrative Secretary of EUCE. She assisted with the logistics in connection with the research project, including the 6th annual EUCE conference, 11-13 April 2012, where early versions of the chapters were first presented and discussed. Also thanks to Karen Snaterse, Faton Tony Bislimi and Carolyn Ferguson with practical assistance during the conference. I want to thank Dr. Robert Summerby-Murray, Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Dalhousie University for welcoming the partici- pants on the 11th of April and Dr. Donna Rogers, Associate Dean Aca- demic, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, for addressing the opening session on the 12th April. Special thanks go to His Excellency Ambas- sador Matthias Brinkmann, Head of the European Delegation to Cana- da, for coming to Halifax on this occasion and giving a very substantial and informative opening address. I further want to thank Kasper Gimsing, Policy Advisor, the Danish Embassy, Ottawa, for presenting the programme of the Danish...

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