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EU Enlargement

Current Challenges and Strategic Choices


Edited By Finn Laursen

Successive enlargements of the EU have constituted major events in the history of European integration. They affect the Union’s institutions, policies and policy-making processes and, because of the impact of these changes, enlargements have often been controversial. The major enlargement in 2004, which took the EU from 15 to 25 member countries, was followed by Romanian and Bulgarian membership in 2007 and Croatian membership in 2013.
It is often argued that there is now enlargement fatigue, and progress towards the next step seems slow. However, a number of countries, especially in the Western Balkans, are eager to join, and Turkey has been an official candidate since 1999. Major challenges lie ahead for the candidates as well as the EU. Will the candidates be able to carry out the required reforms to fulfil the membership conditions, and will the EU be able – politically and institutionally – to widen its membership further? These decisions are of strategic importance for the future of Europe.
This book analyses the issues involved, exploring the status of the ongoing enlargement process and the political games associated with it.


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List of Abbreviations


AFSJ Area of Freedom, Security and Justice AKEL Progressive Party of the Working Peoples AKP Justice and Development Party AWS Solidarity Electoral Action CAP Common Agricultural Program CAPPD Croatian Agency for Protection of Personal Data CARDS Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilization CC Candidate Countries CC Control of Corruption Index CDU Christian Democratic Union CEE Central and Eastern Europe CEECs Central and Eastern European Countries CFSP Common Foreign and Security Policy CHP Republican People’s Party CSU Christian Social Union CVM Cooperation and Verification Mechanism DISY Dimokratikós Sinayermós EA Europe Agreements EC European Communities ECB European Central Bank ECJ European Court of Justice ECR European Conservatives and Reformists Group ECSC European Coal and Steel Community EEC European Economic Community EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone EFA European Free Alliance EFTA European Free Trade Association ELDR European Liberal Democrat and Reform party EMU Economic and Monetary Union ENP European Neighbourhood Policy EU Enlargement: Current Challenges and Strategic Choices 14 EP European Parliament EPC European Political Cooperation EPP European People’s Party EU European Union EULEX European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo EUL-NGL European United Left – Nordic Green Left EUROTOM European Atomic Energy Community EUSR European Union Special Representative FE Fixed Effects Regression Model FIC Flight Information Region FRY Former Republic of Yugoslavia FYROM Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia GAL Green/alternative/libertarian GDP Gross domestic product GONG Građani organizirano nadgledaju glasanje HDI Human Development Index ICO International Civilian Office ICR International Civilian Representative ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia IGC Intergovernmental...

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