Tradition, Innovation, and Terroir / Tradition, innovation et terroir
Edited By Giovanni Ceccarelli, Alberto Grandi and Stefano Magagnoli
This book contains articles in English and French.
PART II. TYPICALITY AND INSTITUTIONS / DEUXIÈME PARTIE. TYPICITÉ ET INSTITUTIONS
PART II TYPICALITY AND INSTITUTIONS DEUXIÈME PARTIE TYPICITÉ ET INSTITUTIONS 167 Costa Rica Between Trademarks and Geographical Indications A Case Study in the Development of Typicality* Fabio PARASECOLI The New School, New York In the past few years, Costa Rica, one of the most developed countries in Central America, has been trying to add value to its food production. Attempts to differentiate goods by adopting labels and other marks of quality have been carried out in various Central American countries.1 This paper explores the development of one of these labels – the Denomination of Origins (DO), which from the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) point of view is a specific kind of Geographical Indication (GI) – and its interaction with the actual cultural, historical, and geographical realities of the country. In the last decade Costa Rica has been working to create its own system of DO, choosing the European Union (EU) approach as the model for its legislation on the subject. This paper will focus particularly on the cheese from Turrialba, a district on the slopes of the Turrialba volcano in the province of Cartago on the Caribbean side of Costa Rica. The area extends about 127,40 square kilometres and has a population of slightly over 3,000.2 This region produces about 70% of the fresh cheese consumed in the * Research in Costa Rica for this article was possible thanks to a grant from the IEHCA. 1 Oyarzun, M.T., Tartanac, F., Estudio sobre los principales tipos de sellos de calidad en...
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