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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2013

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Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2013, the third in the series, provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at an international level.
The 2013 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of examples from international and national case-law which cast light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
The introductory section of the Yearbook, entitled «Italy and human rights in 2012: a suffering year for economic, social and cultural rights», reminds States of their duty to equally protect all human rights – civil, political, economic, social and cultural – stressing the fact that the right to work is a fundamental human right and not a mere philosophical principle.
With a view on the second UPR of Italy before the Human Rights Council, that will take place in 2014, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights focuses on immediate and long-term measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country.
The Yearbook is edited by the University Human Rights Centre of the University of Padua, in cooperation with the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights, Democracy and Peace of the same University. The Centre, established in 1982 with the support of the Region of Veneto, carries out research and education following a global and interdisciplinary approach. It hosts the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on intercultural dialogue, human rights and multi-level governance.

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PART III. ITALY IN DIALOGUE WITH INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS

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PART III ITALY IN DIALOGUE WITH INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS 155 The United Nations System I. General Assembly The General Assembly, which is the main deliberative body of the United Nations, comprises six Committees, each of which is made up of all 193 United Nations Member States. Human rights issues are handled mainly within the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee). The responsibilities of this Committee include issues such as torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punish- ment; the advancement of women; the rights of refugees and displaced persons; the promotion and protection of the rights of children; the rights of indigenous peoples; the elimination of racism, racial discrimi- nation, xenophobia and related intolerance; the right of peoples to self- determination; and social development. In December 2012, the 67th session of the General Assembly adopted 56 resolutions on human rights which had been discussed and approved by the Third Committee during the months of October and November 2012. Particularly worth noting are the following: – Moratorium on the use of the death penalty (A/RES/67/176). This is the fourth resolution adopted since 2007 (see the 2011 Yearbook, p. 156): this time, 111 Countries voted in favour of the moratorium (+2 compared to the previous resolution in 2010), confirming a general trend which gives grounds for hope in view of the definitive and generalised abolition of the death penalty. In the resolution, the General Assembly calls upon all States to progressively restrict the use of the death penalty and...

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