Edited By Danièle Fraboulet-Rousselier, Andrea Maria Locatelli and Paolo Tedeschi
Old Believers Communities of the Nineteenth Century as the First Business Interest Associations in Russia (1861-1914) (Valeriy Kerov)
19 Old Believers’ Communities of the Nineteenth Century as the First Business Interest Associations in Russia (1861-1914) Valeriy KEROV Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia - Moscow Introduction It is considered that the active process of foundation of Business Inter- est Associations (hereafter BIAs) in European countries began in the last decade of the nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth century. According to the existing research, the creation of BIAs in significant numbers resulted from the reaction of businessmen to state pressure, the demands of free capitalism and the first workers’ organisa- tions. Facing common difficulties, entrepreneurs banded together to compensate for theit shortcomings1. The Russian situation was different, however. Merchants’ self- management bodies in cities were class organs reduced to philanthropy and class economy. Manufactory and Commercial Councils were no more than state institutions drawing on poor entrepreneurs’ assistance. Coun- cils’ private members were very respectable but deprived of any influence on state economic policy. Any social organisations were prohibited until the First Russian Revolution of 1905-1907. Without the possibility of consolidation or real corporatism, Russian entrepreneurs were unable to resolve their problems in the face of powerful traditional individual corruption. However, BIAs emerged and became highly effective. They carried out the specific functions defined by the religious character of the links between their members. The focus here is on Old Believers’ com- munities. 1 See for example: Bouwens, B., Dankers, J. “Business interest associations: a service to the industry” in Het Bedrijfsleven in Nederland in de...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.