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Christian Democrat Internationalism

Its Action in Europe and Worldwide from post World War II until the 1990s. Volume II: The Development (1945–1979). The Role of Parties, Movements, People

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Edited By Jean-Dominique Durand

From September 2011 to December 2013 the Luigi Sturzo Institute in Rome along with the Centre of European Studies planned a series of international scientific meetings to study one highly important political subject: the commitment of Christian Democrats on an international level. This project has been organised thanks to the support of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, and the International Labour Organisation.
Internationalism is a Key Element for the Christian Democrat Identity. In fact, CD is a political movement of thought and action whose roots lie in a specific ideology: to use the German word Weltanschauung, it is based on a particular framework of ideas and beliefs that leads the party to interpret the relationship between men and nations from an international point of view, ensuring the human being a central place in every social policy.
The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel, wrote in a Message to these Meetings:
«We can consider ourselves very lucky that 50 years ago forward-thinking personalities founded the World Union of Christian Democrats. From then on, the world, through globalisation, has been deeply changed. Events that take place in other continents immediately impact on our lives. We will be able to protect ourselves from terrorism, achieve economic and social security, and defend our environment only through common global action. This is the task of our generation: to overcome these global challenges. […] Our parties and our political organisations share a common Christian ideal of man. This ideal, grounded on the inalienability of human dignity, is at the core of one important value: to this man has linked a social and economic model that combines economic success and social responsibility.»
Her message clearly shows the need to use historical knowledge, to return to and explore a rich and challenging past as well as to develop a reflection on and a course of action for the present and the future.

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Part II. People of Christian Democrat Internationalism

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PART II PEOPLE OF CHRISTIAN DEMOCRAT INTERNATIONALISM 187 The Italian Presence in the Christian Democrat International Aspects and Personalities Francesco MALGERI Università degli Studi “La Sapienza”, Italy This report aims to offer a picture, if only partial, of the role and presence of some of the Italians in Christian Democrat inspired interna- tional organisations between 1945 and 1979. This timeframe was marked principally by three bodies – the Nouvelles Équipes Internation- ales (New International Teams), the Unione Europea Democratico Cristiana (UEDC) (European Union of Christian Democratic) and the Unione Mondiale Democratica Cristiana (UMDC) (Christian Democrat World Union). Within this context, special attention must be paid to the figures of Franco Nobili, Paolo Emilio Taviani and Mariano Rumor. The other figures who also had significant roles in Christian Democrat internation- al organisations (such as Giulio Andreotti, Emilio Colombo, Flaminio Piccoli and Arnaldo Forlani) are associated principally with the period that followed the birth of the PPE, the 1980s, and the early 1990s. From 1945 onwards, Franco Nobili was the figure who, more than anyone else, was dedicated in his commitment to international collabo- ration between the Christian political forces emerging in Europe in the post-war period. Above all, he had an intense collaboration with the youth sections of European Christian Democracy. In 1946, he was nominated to be the president of an Italian university delegation that was sent to Prague for the conference of the World Academic Federation1. On this occasion, he made contact for the first time with young university students...

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