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Italy and Tito’s Yugoslavia in the Age of International Détente

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Massimo Bucarelli, Luca Micheletta, Luciano Monzali and Luca Riccardi

World War II and East-West confrontation redefined borders between Italy and Yugoslavia, reshaped national frontiers and adversely affected political relations. As a result, major quarrels and disputes arose over territorial claims, demarcation of State boundaries, expulsion of national minorities, and diverging visions on international and domestic politics. It was only in the 1960s and 1970s, during the years of Détente, that rapprochement between Rome and Belgrade became possible and normalization of bilateral relations was attained. Long-lasting territorial disputes, such as the Trieste question, were solved and bilateral relationship greatly improved, so much so that Belgrade became an important asset in Italy’s Balkan and Adriatic strategy, while Rome was a sort of bridge between Socialist Yugoslavia and Western Europe.
This book is intended to shed light on the process of Italian-Yugoslav normalization and rapprochement, which ultimately brought to the Adriatic Détente. Based on a wide collection of primary sources and documentary materials, it aims to contribute to a better understanding of the history of the Adriatic region, a conflicted European space that had been affected by territorial disputes and ethnic strife for decades during the 20 th century.

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List of Archives, Fonds, Collections of Documents and Abbreviations

Extract

AAPBD Akten zur Auswärtigen Politik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland AC Archivio Coloni ACS Archivio Centrale dello Stato, Roma ADC Archivio Democrazia Cristiana AFg Archivio Storico Fondazione Istituto gramsci, Roma AFMFA Archives of the French Ministry of Foreign Affaires, La Courneuve AJ Arhiv Jugoslavije, Beograd AMg Allied Military government AMIP Diplomatski arhiv Ministarstva inostranih poslova Srbije, Beograd ANIC Arhivele Naţionale Istorice Centrale, Bucureşti ANII Associazione Nazionale Italia Irredenta ANVgD Associazione Nazionale Venezia giulia e Dalmazia AP Atti parlamentari APC Archivio Partito comunista italiano APR Arhiv Predsenika Republike ASC Archivio Storico Camera dei Deputati, Roma ASL Archivio Storico Luigi Sturzo, Roma ASMAe Archivio Storico Diplomatico Ministero Affari esteri Italiano, Roma ASR Archivio Storico del Senato della Repubblica, Roma AST Archivio di Stato, Trieste AT Archivio Tombesi AVNOJ Antifašističko vijeće narodnog oslobođenja Jugoslavije AUS Archivio Ugo Spirito, Roma AVŠ Personal Archive of Viljenka Škorjanec AVV Archivio Vittorio Vidali Italy and Tito’s Yugoslavia in the Age of International Détente 16 CAB Cabinet Office CB Carte Berlinguer CFPF Central Foreign Policy Files CK Centralni Komitet CK KPH Centralni komitet Komunističke partije Hrvatske CK SKH Centralni komitet Saveza komunista Hrvatske CK SKJ Fond 507/ Arhiv Centralnog Komiteta Saveza Komunista Jugoslavije CM Papers of Aldo Moro CNC National Centre for the Coordination of the Committees for the Defense of the Zone B and Istria CNL Comitato Liberazione Nazionale CO Country Files COMeCON Council for Mutual economic Assistance CPR Cabinet of the President of the Republic CPSI Carte Partito Socialista...

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