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The Point of Philosophy

An Introduction for the Human Sciences

Series:

Ludo Abicht and Hendrik Opdebeeck

The core questions of philosophy about the origin of the world and people, the distinction between good and evil, and the meaning of life – these questions keep us all busy. In this introduction to philosophy, these three questions lead our journey. You want to understand the world and man. Then you try to acquire an outlook on the proper course of action. Perhaps you especially hope to gain insight into the meaning of your own life. And our society, as well, repeatedly collides with questions of its economic, social, and ecological limits. Again and again, philosophy is the necessary condition for finding answers in a rational manner to the demands for in-sight, outlook, and the search for meaning. This is a fascinating story of more than 2,500 years of thought, where the reader might feel inspired to add his or her own responses to the most important personal and social questions. But also to ask new questions – the point of philosophy.

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Index

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A a priori 51, 85, 119 absurdity 91, 93 Achsenzeit (Axial Age) 25 active pluralism 47 Adorno 104, 134, 136, 142 aesthetics 29, 32, 68, 84, 123 Agnosticism 52 Alexander the Great 27, 31 alienation 54, 59, 63, 64, 88, 104, 108 allegory 26, 51 analytical philosophy 125 Anaximenes 20 ancilla theo-logiae 14 Anders, Günther 84 anthropocentric 59 anthropology 19, 124 Antisthenes 32 antithesis 55, 65 aporia 22 Aquinas, T. 35, 37, 38, 39, 54, 73, 85, 88, 94, 109 Aristotle 16, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 44, 48, 51, 54, 85, 86, 118, 129, 138 art 31, 35, 66, 67, 68, 70, 75, 76, 79, 80, 81, 82, 101, 107, 121, 126, 132, 136, 138 atheist 9, 73, 85, 91, 99, 117, 141 Augustine 17, 39, 73, 74, 86, 94 force of knowledge of love 73 Averroës 37, 38 Avicenna 37 Ayer, A. 120 B Bacon, F. 43 Baudrillard, J. 132, 133, 134 Bergson, H. 77, 85 Birkbeck Institute for Humanities 140 Bloch, E. 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 113, 116 Bonum Commune 86 Bouckaert, L. 85 bravery 27 Brentano, F. 74 brotherhood 62, 88 Buber, M. 69, 94, 95, 96 Buddhism 31, 59, 93, 109 Buddhist philosophy 67, 78 C Cantor, G. 117 capitalism 42, 65, 87, 93, 107, 134, 142 capitalist 60, 61, 62, 63, 87, 88, 93, 106, 115, 134 Carnap, R. 120 categories 29, 39, 51, 88 change 16, 20, 21, 22, 35, 49, 60,...

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