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European and Asian Sustainable Towns

New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises

Edited By Pascaline Gaborit

In the face of growing needs and problems around urbanization, the sustainable development of cities does not lie only in technology, research and innovation. Sustainable local development also results from a combination of different elements related to the development of social cohesion, the local economy, the environment and culture; also, crucially, it depends on the autonomy of local authorities and the adoption of the most appropriate system of governance. In addition, the urgent need to create better and more liveable cities is now inextricably linked with the integration of environmental principles, in order to prevent the waste of resources and mitigate climate change by restricting CO2 emissions. Within this framework, new strategies have been implemented for the development of ‘New Towns’ or satellite cities.
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
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Shaping Resilient Cities in China, India and the United States

I.    Sustainable Resilience: Developing the Capacity for Constant Change

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Jeffrey RAVEN

Architect and owner of RAVEN A+U, Director of the Master of Architecture in Urban and Regional Design at the New York Institute of Technology

A sustainable and resilient low-carbon future demands that today’s obsolete development patterns be reconfigured. Mitigating global climate change involves developing efficient neighborhoods, protecting farmland and open space, building low-energy affordable housing and providing efficient transportation choices. Progressive communities can meet carbon-reduction goals and sustain their populations through challenging times and changing conditions. Their compact urban form reduces Greenhouse Gas emissions through spatial efficiencies, pedestrian access to public transportation and preservation of open space and habitat.

In their search for future urban models, forward-thinking cities around the world are becoming laboratories of visionary urban design ideas and solutions. Useful lessons are emerging from countries all around the world. A task of global significance, this period of intense applied research will influence how cities and regions are designed in the century ahead – from retrofitting existing cities in the United States and Europe to challenges facing rapidly-growing urban districts in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

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