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European and Asian Sustainable Towns

New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises

Edited By Pascaline Gaborit

In the face of growing needs and problems around urbanization, the sustainable development of cities does not lie only in technology, research and innovation. Sustainable local development also results from a combination of different elements related to the development of social cohesion, the local economy, the environment and culture; also, crucially, it depends on the autonomy of local authorities and the adoption of the most appropriate system of governance. In addition, the urgent need to create better and more liveable cities is now inextricably linked with the integration of environmental principles, in order to prevent the waste of resources and mitigate climate change by restricting CO2 emissions. Within this framework, new strategies have been implemented for the development of ‘New Towns’ or satellite cities.
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
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From New Towns to Special Economic Zones: Issues Related to Greenfield Urban Development in India

I.  New Towns in India: Symbols of a Strong Political Will

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From New Towns to Special Economic Zones

Issues Related to Greenfield Urban Development in India

Isabelle MILBERT

Professor, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

Urban transformations are undoubtedly the “New Frontier” required to facilitate India’s integration into the global order. As in China,1 in India too the urbanization process faces formidable challenges due to its huge population base, high population density, rapid economic growth, a relatively low urbanisation rate and sharp regional imbalances. In view of the rate of economic growth in most Indian states, particularly in the development corridors in the country’s South-West, a number of authors have expressed the fear that the limited urban infrastructure might prove to be a hindrance in a context where local authorities have difficulties in dealing with an explosive mix of high poverty rates, environmental hazards, management lapses and growing economic demand.

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