Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
North African Migration under Surveillance. Between Home Country and Host Country (Sylvie Mazzella)
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Between Home Country and Host Country
In North Africa, the “Arab Spring” made 2011 a historic year, thanks to media coverage throughout the world.1 The major political upheavals that occurred during this period had an immediate impact on the massive movement of refugees, whether within the region or to Europe.
According to statistics provided by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) for May 2011, nearly 780,000 people fled Libya to find refuge in neighbouring countries. In Tunisia, the official figures for the same period indicate the presence of more than 380,000 refugees2 from Libya, as a result of the armed conflict between Gaddafi’s supporters and the opponents to his regime: among them, there were not only Libyans, but also foreign refugees, mainly from Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq and the Côte d’Ivoire.
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