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Borders, Mobilities and Migrations

Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century

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Edited By Lisa Anteby-Yemini, Virginie Baby-Collin and Sylvie Mazzella

This book explores changes in the social, economic and political processes underpinning the mechanisms for the management of human mobility and cohabitation in the Mediterranean region, while suggesting comparisons with the situation in the Americas.
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
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The Palestinian Olive Industry and Israel’s Separation Policy. Trading at the Border (2002-2012) (Arnaud Garcette)

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← 148 | 149 → The Palestinian Olive Industry and Israel’s Separation Policy

Trading at the Border (2002-2012)

Arnaud GARCETTE

This chapter will discuss the way Palestine’s olive industry has changed in the West Bank since the construction of the Separation Wall (2002) and the tightening of Israeli controls on Palestinian mobility. It will highlight the different ways that the Wall and the attendant security measures have affected the local population and also study the Palestinians’ ability to come to terms with these constraints in developing their professional lives.

Olive production, which represents up to 25% of agricultural GDP and involves nearly 100,000 families, is an important sector for the Palestinian economy. It also acts as a buffer against economic crises, as was seen during Palestine’s ‘re-ruralization’ process (Meneley, 2008a) during the first and second Intifada (1987-1993 and 2000-2005 respectively) and during the Palestinian Authority’s budget crisis in 2006-2007 (Mansouri, 2007).

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