Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century
Edited By Lisa Anteby-Yemini, Virginie Baby-Collin and Sylvie Mazzella
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
African Asylum Seekers in Israel. New Political, Racial and Urban Borders (Lisa Anteby-Yemini)
← 192 | 193 → African Asylum Seekers in Israel
New Political, Racial and Urban Borders
As migration flows and globalization increase, movement of goods and people across transnational space, borders and security regimes (surveillance, closure of borders, criminalization and detention of “illegal aliens”) limit more and more migrant mobilities. In addition, once migrants – documented or undocumented – have crossed geographical borders, they are confronted with internal boundaries constructed by the state and the host society, that exclude them; yet they also challenge, contest and sometimes succeed in crossing, bypassing or blurring them. These processes of marginalization and incorporation, inclusion and exclusion, often characterize non-citizen migrants in the West, where they are incorporated in some areas (labour market) and denied access to others (welfare, citizenship) through legal means and informal practices (Castles, 2000). Scholars of migration have often studied geographical border-crossings and smuggling, state constructions of “illegality” and their implications for migrant daily life (De Genova, 2002), or humanitarian management of undesirable migrants (Agier, 2011); however the increase in policing of external borders in conjunction with the production of internal racialized boundaries is still an understudied area (Fassin, 2011). We will endeavour to explore this question through the example of African asylum-seekers in Israel.
Since 2005, an increasing number of African asylum-seekers, mainly from Eritrea and Sudan, have been clandestinely crossing the Egyptian-Israeli border. With the help of Bedouin smugglers, they reach the until-recently porous Israeli border. Since the 1990s, non-Jewish migrant workers have...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.