Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century
Edited By Lisa Anteby-Yemini, Virginie Baby-Collin and Sylvie Mazzella
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
Migration and Nation. The Situation of Italians in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Early 19th (Fabrice Jesné)
← 238 | 239 → Migration and Nation
The Situation of Italians in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Early 19th Century
According to Todorov (1995), memory “gives priority to the immaterial world of psychic experiences” but where do we find references to memory in the history of migration between the Italian peninsula and the Eastern Mediterranean during the 19th century? There have been Italian communities in the Orient since the Middle Ages, but the fall of the Ottoman cosmopolitan world renders the task of defining the ‘place of memory’ (Nora, 1984, XVII) for these communities much more difficult (Schmitt, 2007). However, with the gradual dissemination of the national identity during the 19th century, it is possible, in the Eastern Mediterranean as elsewhere, to see attempts at ‘inventing traditions’ (Hobsbawm and Ranger, 1983) which we could see as ways of creating memory or, ad minima, of contributing to their emergence. Since the 1970s, historians and anthropologists have denaturalized the concept of nation, showing how it emerged towards the end of the modern era, at the same time as patrimonial sovereignty and other forms of solidarity linked to the Old Regime began to decline. First used in Western Europe, the concept of ‘nation’ spread to the rest of the world. Although initial studies relating to the invention of national identities insisted on a cultural construction of the concept, later research has focused on how it was adopted by the masses and the importance of their acceptance of...
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