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Converging Pathways- Itinerarios Cruzados

Spain and the European Integration Process- España y el proceso de construcción europea


Edited By Cristina Blanco-Sío Lopez and Susana Muñoz

Europe: the fruit of a willing construction that superseded much of its past darkness by gradually transforming numerous walls, prejudices and conflicts into bridges of cooperation and mutually enriching developments. Spain: An amalgam of creative tensions, of groundbreaking realisations, of successively frustrated and regained horizons and of long fought hopes. This monograph aims to analyse the vectors and degrees of convergence, the cohesion factors and the changing paradigms of the relation between both in a context marked by crisis and questioning. The key question in this realm is: Do they still revolve around converging pathways? The answer implies, at once, conscious mirrors and new determinations.
Europa: Fruto de una construcción que superó muchas de las sombras de su pasado por medio de la transformación de numerosos muros, prejuicios y confl ictos en puentes de cooperación y en desarrollos mutuamente enriquecedores. España: Una amalgama de tensiones creativas, ideas revolucionarias, horizontes sucesivamente frustrados y reconquistados y esperanzas por las que se lucha largamente. Esta obra tiene por objetivo analizar los vectores y grados de convergencia, los factores de cohesión y los paradigmas cambiantes de la relación entre ambas en un contexto de crisis y cuestionamiento. La pregunta clave en este sentido es: ¿Gravitan todavía en torno a itinerarios cruzados? La respuesta implica, a un tiempo, reflejos conscientes y nuevas determinaciones.
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Parliamentary Democracy and the Treaty of Lisbon: (Enrique Barón Crespo)


← 48 | 49 → Parliamentary Democracy and the Treaty of Lisbon


Jean Monnet Chair, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha President of the European Foundation for the Information Society

The long-awaited entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon significantly strengthens Parliamentary democracy in the European Union. Title II of the TEU, “Provisions on Democratic Principles”, states that the functioning of the Union is founded on representative democracy, based on the direct representation of citizens in the EP and of Member States in the European Council (Article 10).

The Treaty explicitly recognises dual democratic legitimacy. At Community level, the official recognition given to codecision as ordinary legislative procedure, its extension to new fields (35 legal bases rising to 85) and the EP’s election of the President of the Commission reinforce the Parliamentary system. At Council level, the statement in Article 12 that national Parliaments (NPs) contribute actively to the good functioning of the Union, completed with Protocol No. 1 on the role of national Parliaments in the European Union and Protocol No. 2 on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, opens the door to significant progress in democratic coordination between the Union and Member States.

These are not unprecedented innovations, however. The Treaty of Lisbon has simply incorporated the outcome of discussions by the Convention which drafted the Constitutional Treaty with the active involvement of members of the Parliaments and governments of all Member States, plus the...

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