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Converging Pathways- Itinerarios Cruzados

Spain and the European Integration Process- España y el proceso de construcción europea

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Edited By Cristina Blanco-Sío Lopez and Susana Muñoz

Europe: the fruit of a willing construction that superseded much of its past darkness by gradually transforming numerous walls, prejudices and conflicts into bridges of cooperation and mutually enriching developments. Spain: An amalgam of creative tensions, of groundbreaking realisations, of successively frustrated and regained horizons and of long fought hopes. This monograph aims to analyse the vectors and degrees of convergence, the cohesion factors and the changing paradigms of the relation between both in a context marked by crisis and questioning. The key question in this realm is: Do they still revolve around converging pathways? The answer implies, at once, conscious mirrors and new determinations.
Europa: Fruto de una construcción que superó muchas de las sombras de su pasado por medio de la transformación de numerosos muros, prejuicios y confl ictos en puentes de cooperación y en desarrollos mutuamente enriquecedores. España: Una amalgama de tensiones creativas, ideas revolucionarias, horizontes sucesivamente frustrados y reconquistados y esperanzas por las que se lucha largamente. Esta obra tiene por objetivo analizar los vectores y grados de convergencia, los factores de cohesión y los paradigmas cambiantes de la relación entre ambas en un contexto de crisis y cuestionamiento. La pregunta clave en este sentido es: ¿Gravitan todavía en torno a itinerarios cruzados? La respuesta implica, a un tiempo, reflejos conscientes y nuevas determinaciones.
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Re-assessing the Claim of a “Successful Europeanization” of Spanish Foreign Policy. Conceptual and Empirical Criticisms: (Stelios Stavridis)

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← 392 | 393 → Re-Assessing the Claim of a “Successful Europeanization” of Spanish Foreign Policy

Conceptual and Empirical Criticisms

Stelios STAVRIDIS

ARAID Senior Research Fellow, Research Unit on “Global Governance and the EU”, Universidad de Zaragoza

To date there exist an important academic literature on the Europeanization of the foreign and security policies of European Union member states. With the addition of concepts such as uploading, and crossloading, there have been some important theoretical and empirical advances to the initial, rather limited, notion of the downloading/top down impact of EU/then European Communities membership.

In the Spanish case, across the literature there is a strong consensus that the Europeanization process has been successfully completed. However, the concept itself is coming under scrutiny. In part this is due to some confusion between “policy convergence” and “transferring national problems to the EU level”, and/or reluctance to conduct comprehensive comparative work on some really “problematic” foreign policy issues – even if there is agreement in the literature that these should be the primordial testing ground for any Europeanization assessment.

This chapter critically re-assesses the traditional claim that Spanish foreign policy has become “Europeanized”, by examining, first, the limitations of the concept of Europeanization itself, and, second, by showing that most of the time, there is a lot of wishful thinking rather than serious examination of particular Spanish foreign policy examples that should instead point to a lack of Europeanization.

← 393 | 394 → 1. Introduction...

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